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Biodiversity Heritage Library

The Biodiversity Heritage Library (BHL) is a consortium of natural history and botanical libraries that cooperate to digitize the legacy literature of biodiversity held in their collections and to make that literature available for open access and responsible use as a part of a global “biodiversity commons.” The BHL consortium works with the international taxonomic community, rights holders, and other interested parties to ensure that this biodiversity heritage is made available to a global audience through open access principles. In partnership with the Internet Archive and through local digitization efforts, the BHL has digitized millions of pages of taxonomic literature, representing tens of thousands of titles and over 100,000 volumes.

Visit the Biodiversity Heritage Library website.

See a Tag Cloud for the Biodiversity Heritage Library collection.

107,606
RESULTS


collections 5
texts 107,601
TOPIC
Science 6,954
Natural history 6,551
Botany 5,176
Flowers Seeds Catalogs 4,554
Plants 4,487
Zoology 4,303
Vegetables Seeds Catalogs 4,233
Plants, Ornamental Catalogs 3,340
Periodicals 3,092
Birds 3,023
Flowers Catalogs 2,490
Fruit Catalogs 2,416
Nurseries (Horticulture) Catalogs 2,225
Insects 2,116
Entomology 2,008
Seeds Catalogs 1,919
Mollusks 1,818
Gardening Equipment and supplies Catalogs 1,791
Geology 1,693
Bulbs (Plants) Catalogs 1,662
Shrubs Catalogs 1,661
Fishes 1,464
Fisheries 1,411
Paleontology 1,340
Gardening 1,281
Biology 1,270
Trees Seedlings Catalogs 1,223
Fruit trees Seedlings Catalogs 1,211
Agriculture 1,200
Insect pests Control United States Periodicals 1,187
Nurseries (Horticulture) 1,091
Trees Catalogs 1,010
Nursery stock Catalogs 958
Grasses Seeds Catalogs 934
Agricultural implements Catalogs 831
Fruit Seeds Catalogs 771
Trees 744
1809-1884 739
Engelmann, George, 737
Insect pests 734
botany 728
Fishery resources 718
Flowers 705
Forests and forestry 698
Correspondence 697
Scientific expeditions 693
Seeds 691
Bulbs (Plants) Seeds Catalogs 690
Fruit trees Catalogs 688
Horticulture 678
Vegetables Catalogs 640
Roses Catalogs 631
Letters 600
Lepidoptera 595
Nursery stock 573
Ethnology 566
Marine biology 562
Beetles 500
Classification 492
Fruit 469
Pictorial works 465
Mammals 464
Anatomy, Comparative 461
Oceanography 423
Seed industry and trade Catalogs 412
Ornithology 400
Bees 398
Animals 391
Shrubs 382
Vegetables 382
Horses 376
Shells 350
Horticulture Equipment and supplies Catalogs 349
Crustacea 347
Strawberries Catalogs 344
Fruit-culture 341
Bulbs (Plants) 339
Beneficial insects 338
Plants, Ornamental, Catalogs 325
Poultry 315
Trees Seeds Catalogs 313
Botanical specimens 309
Ornamental trees Catalogs 300
Gardening Catalogs 299
Plants, Ornamental 297
Roses 295
Nursery stock New York (State) Catalogs 290
North America 283
Smithsonian Institution 282
Marine animals 279
Microscopy 273
Fruit Seedlings Catalogs 271
Hunting 261
Reptiles 259
Medicine 258
Physiology 256
Horticulture Catalogs 253
Botanists 252
Evolution 251
Nurseries (Horticulture) Iowa Shenandoah 245
Fruit trees 241
Nursery stock Pennsylvania Philadelphia Catalogs 238
Garden tools Catalogs 237
Nursery stock New York (State) New York Catalogs 235
Plant diseases 235
Butterflies 231
Fishing 223
Fruit-culture Catalogs 222
Plants Catalogs 221
Albatross (Steamer) 219
Fisheries -- United States 218
Nursery stock Massachusetts Boston Catalogs 214
Invertebrates 211
Vegetables, Seeds, Catalogs 210
Early works to 1800 209
Fungi 209
Commercial catalogs Seeds 207
Grasses 206
Marine Biology 205
Gardening United States Equipment and supplies Catalogs 204
Histology 201
Madagascar 201
Natural history -- Periodicals 198
Flowers, Seeds, Catalogs 197
Plants, Ornamental Seeds Catalogs 196
Evergreens Catalogs 192
Catalogs and collections 191
Cereal grasses Catalogs 189
Botany, Medical 187
Fruit trees, Seedlings, Catalogs 187
Commercial catalogs 186
Science -- Societies, etc 185
Animal behavior 184
Fruit, Catalogs 184
Seed industry and trade 183
Catalogs 182
Amphibians 181
Nurseries (Horticulture) New York (State) Catalogs 179
Veterinary medicine 179
Science -- Periodicals 176
Wildlife conservation -- United States 176
Game and game-birds 174
Sciences 174
Harvard University. Museum of Comparative Zoology 172
Plants, Cultivated 171
Pteridophyta 168
Graphic media : 167
Ichthyology 167
Nurseries (Horticulture) Massachusetts Boston Catalogs 166
Flowers, Catalogs 165
Mollusks, Fossil 165
Rose culture 158
Identification 157
Botanical gardens 156
Climbing plants Catalogs 156
Discoveries in science 155
Smithsonian Institution. Archives 155
Birds -- Periodicals 154
Algae 152
Embryology 152
Cactaceae 151
Floriculture 151
United States 151
Gardens 150
Mathematics 150
Fish trade 149
1810-1888 148
Microscopes 147
Missouri Botanical Garden 145
Diptera 144
Gray, Asa, 144
Ornamental shrubs Catalogs 144
Medicinal plants 143
Flowers Seeds Massachusetts Boston Catalogs 141
Heredity 140
John Lewis Childs (Firm) 140
Phytogeography 140
Botany, Economic 138
Poultry Equipment and supplies Catalogs 138
Nursery stock California Catalogs 137
Forests and forestry United States Periodicals. 135
Plants -- Classification 134
Natuurwetenschappen 133
Anatomy 132
Pinaceae 132
Antarctica 131
Compositae 131
Nursery stock Ohio Catalogs 131
Bacteriology 129
Forage plants 128
Livestock 127
Grain Seeds Catalogs 126
Biologie 125
Marine invertebrates 125
Cactus Catalogs 124
Humanities 123
Fruit trees Seeds Catalogs 122
Liliaceae 121
Trees, Seedlings, Catalogs 120
Plant physiology 118
LANGUAGE
english 72,259
german 12,824
french 9,734
latin 2,031
undetermined 1,909
italian 1,880
spanish 1,154
dutch 991
chinese 967
swedish 787
SHOW DETAILS
Title
Date Published
Creator
botanicus
7,145
ITEMS
3.1M
VIEWS
3.1M
Botanicus is a freely accessible portal to historic botanical literature from the Missouri Botanical Garden, Peter H. Raven Library. Botanicus is made possible through support from the Institute of Museum and Library Services, W.M. Keck Foundation, and the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation.
Topic: botanicus biodiversity missouri botanical garden library
Chinese Academy Science
1,034
ITEMS
553,818
VIEWS
553,818
The Chinese Academy of Science
Topic: chinese academy science
darwinslibrary
312
ITEMS
168,351
VIEWS
168,351
A scholarly edition of Darwin's scientific archive.
Topic: charles darwin biodiversity heritage library missouri botanical garden
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by American Society for Microbiology; Bergey, D. H. (David Hendricks), 1860-1937; Breed, Robert S. (Robert Stanley), 1877-1956
68,920
3
1
Includes bibliographies
( 1 reviews )
Topics: Bacteriology, Bacteria -- classification, Bacteriology
29,252
Biodiversity Heritage Library Seed & Nursery Catalogs
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Dieter, George Ellwood
27,840
7
3
Includes bibliography
( 3 reviews )
Topics: Strength of materials, Physical metallurgy, Metal-work
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Snodgrass, R. E. (Robert E.), 1875-1962
25,625
51
5
Insects, their way and means of living. Copy 1 (STRI) 7718. 362 p. illus.
( 5 reviews )
Topic: Insects
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Thompson, D'Arcy Wentworth, 1860-1948
22,760
12
1
Includes bibliographical references and index
( 1 reviews )
Topics: Growth, Biology
19,015
The Library, Art & Archives of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew was established 160 years ago and contains one of the largest collections of material in the world relating to botany. The collections comprise 300,000 printed volumes, 5,000 journal titles and 11,000 maps. The Art and Illustrations Collection is without equal and is made up of over 200,000 items – watercolours, prints, drawings, oil paintings and photographs – by some of the finest artists working in the field of botanical...
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Piper, Robert G
18,208
0
0
Includes bibliographies and index
Topic: Fish hatcheries -- Management
Topics: Plants, Plant names, Popular
The metadata below describe the original scanning. Follow the "All Files: HTTP" link in the "View the book" box to the left to find XML files that contain more metadata about the original images and the derived formats (OCR results, PDF etc.). See also the What is the directory structure for the texts? FAQ for information about file content and naming conventions.
Topic: Poultry
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Afanas'eva, I. N; Chibisova, O. I; Koziar, L. A
14,376
0
1
( 1 reviews )
Topics: Biology -- English, Biology -- Russian
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Beveridge, W. I. B. (William Ian Beardmore), 1908-
13,439
7
0
Topic: Research
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Ingersoll, Ernest, 1852-1946
13,253
2
0
Topics: Birds -- Folklore, Birds
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Sociedad Española de Historia Natural
12,558
0
0
Suspended July 1937-Dec. 1939
Topic: Natural history
Topics: Stains and staining (Microscopy), Stains and Staining, Dyes
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Waksman, Selman A. (Selman Abraham), 1888-1973
11,976
0
0
Bibliography: p. xi-xix
Topics: Soil microbiology, Microorganisms
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by American Society for Microbiology. Committee on Bacteriological Technic
11,767
1
1
( 1 reviews )
Topics: Microbiology -- Technique, Bacteriology -- Cultures and culture media
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Smithsonian Institution
11,299
0
0
Vols. 45, 47, 48, 50 and 52 were published as "Quarterly issue, v. 1-5, 1903-10", designed as a medium for the early publication of the results of researches and for reports of a preliminary nature; this form of publication was discontinued after v. 52
Topic: Science
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Hambly, Wilfrid Dyson, 1886-
11,031
0
0
Includes bibliographical references (p. 482-495) and index
Topics: Frederick H. Rawson-Field museum ethnological expedition to West Africa, 1929-1930, Ethnology --...
Bibliography: 7th prelim. page
Topics: Electronics, Physics, German language
Includes bibliographic references
( 2 reviews )
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.); Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.). Annual report 1907/08-1952; Lillie, Frank Rattray, 1870-1947; Moore, Carl Richard, 1892-; Redfield, Alfred Clarence, 1890-1983
10,791
0
0
Vols. 17, 21-105 contain Annual reports of the Marine Biological Laboratory for 1907/08-1952
Topics: Biology, Zoology, Biology, Marine Biology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Chidester, Floyd Earle, 1884-1947
10,503
1
0
Contains bibliographies
Topic: Zoology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Sociedad Cientfica Argentina; Congreso Cientfico Latino Americano (1st : 1898 : Buenos Aires, Argentina); Congreso Cientfico Latino Americano (1910 : Buenos Aires, Argentina)
10,451
0
0
The society organized the "Congreso Cientifico Latino Americano" held in Buenos Aires in 1898, and the "Congreso Cientifico International Americano" held in the same city in 1910; the results of these congresses (organization, membership, etc., and some of the papers) were published in the Anales, v. 45, 1898, and v. 69-70, 1910
Topics: Science, Science -- Argentina
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Royal Colonial Institute (Great Britain)
10,444
1
0
Topics: Royal Colonial Institute (Great Britain), Great Britain -- Colonies Periodicals
Bibliographies interspersed
Topic: Insects
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Humason, Gretchen L
10,261
0
0
Topics: Histology -- Technique, Stains and staining (Microscopy), Histochemistry -- Technique
The Library of Congress
10,176
1
0
Topic: Mink farming
Topic: Plants
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by United States. Army. Corps of Engineers; Coastal Engineering Research Center (U.S.)
10,074
3
0
Includes bibliographies and index
Topics: Coastal engineering, Shore protection
Includes bibliographical references (pt. 1, p. 132-165) and index
Topic: Birds -- Europe
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Mann, Thaddeus, 1908-
9,586
1
0
Topics: Semen, Spermatozoa, Genitalia, Male, Semen
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Sociedad Española de Historia Natural
9,579
0
0
Suspended July 1937-Dec. 1939
Topic: Natural history
Topic: Culture Media
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Kirtikar, Kanhoba Ranchoddas, 1849-1917; Basu, Baman Das, 1867-1930
9,527
2
0
The letters I.C.S. in title probably refer to "an able member of the Indian civil service," who assisted in the botanical description. cf. Pref., p. [v]-vi
Topics: Botany, Botany, Medical
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Concilium Bibliographicum
9,520
0
0
Zoologischer Anzeiger Register
Topic: Zoology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Willis, J. C. (John Christopher), 1868-1958
9,515
1
0
Topic: Botany
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by American Society for Microbiology; Breed, Robert S. (Robert Stanley), 1877-1956; Bergey, D. H. (David Hendricks), 1860-1937; Hitchens, Arthur Parker, 1877-; Murray, Everitt George Dunne, 1890-
9,484
0
0
Topics: Bacteriology, Schizomycetes, Bacteriologia
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Groombridge, B., Jenkins, M.D., UNEP-WCMC
9,456
1
0
Source: London, UK
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Almeida Pinto, Joaquim de; Cmara, Manuel Arruda da, 1752?-1811?; Almeida Pinto, Zeferino
9,435
1
0
Topic: Plants -- Brazil
"Abbreviations and publication references" : p. 77-78
( 1 reviews )
Topics: Materia medica -- Iran, Botany, Medical, Botany -- Iran, Botany -- Iraq, Medicine -- Formulae,...
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Waksman, Selman A. (Selman Abraham), 1888-1973
9,427
1
0
Bibliography: v. 1, p. 278-318
Topic: Actinomycetales
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.); Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.). Annual report 1907/08-1952; Lillie, Frank Rattray, 1870-1947; Moore, Carl Richard, 1892-; Redfield, Alfred Clarence, 1890-1983
9,249
0
0
Vols. 17, 21-105 contain Annual reports of the Marine Biological Laboratory for 1907/08-1952
Topics: Biology, Zoology, Biology, Marine Biology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Ortner, Donald J; Aufderheide, Arthur C; International Congress of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences (12th : 1988 : Zagreb, Croatia)
9,238
0
0
Based on a symposium held during the International Congress of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences, Zagreb, Yugoslovia, July 24-31, 1988
Topic: Paleopathology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.); Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.). Annual report 1907/08-1952; Lillie, Frank Rattray, 1870-1947; Moore, Carl Richard, 1892-; Redfield, Alfred Clarence, 1890-1983
9,125
0
0
Vols. 17, 21-105 contain Annual reports of the Marine Biological Laboratory for 1907/08-1952
Topics: Biology, Zoology, Biology, Marine Biology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.); Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.). Annual report 1907/08-1952; Lillie, Frank Rattray, 1870-1947; Moore, Carl Richard, 1892-; Redfield, Alfred Clarence, 1890-1983
9,073
0
0
Vols. 17, 21-105 contain Annual reports of the Marine Biological Laboratory for 1907/08-1952
Topics: Biology, Zoology, Biology, Marine Biology
Bibliography: p. 183-188
Topics: Pteridophyta, Botany -- Morphology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Suolahti, Viktor Hugo, 1874-
9,006
1
0
Includes bibliographical references
Topics: German language -- Etymology, Birds -- Nomenclature, Birds -- Germany
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Sociedad Científica "Antonio Alzate
8,779
0
0
Some issues published out of chronological sequence
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.); Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.). Annual report 1907/08-1952; Lillie, Frank Rattray, 1870-1947; Moore, Carl Richard, 1892-; Redfield, Alfred Clarence, 1890-1983
8,742
0
0
Vols. 17, 21-105 contain Annual reports of the Marine Biological Laboratory for 1907/08-1952
Topics: Biology, Zoology, Biology, Marine Biology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Peterson, William Harold, 1880-; Strong, Frank Morgan
8,729
1
0
Includes bibliographical references
Topic: Biochemistry
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Little, Elbert Luther, 1907-; Wadsworth, Frank H. (Frank Howard)
8,722
4
1
Bibliography: p. 18
( 1 reviews )
Topics: Trees -- Puerto Rico, Trees -- Virgin Islands of the United States
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Coastal Engineering Research Center (U.S.)
8,692
1
2
Supersedes its Technical report no. 4: Shore protection, planning, and design
( 2 reviews )
Topics: Shore protection, Beach erosion, Coastal zone management
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Académie royale des sciences, des lettres et des beaux-arts de Belgique; yale de Belgique. Collection in-40; ©moires sur les questions proposées
8,663
0
0
Superseded in part by: Mémoires de la Classe des sciences - Académie royale de Belgique. Collection in-80, Mémoires de la Classe des sciences - Académie royale de Belgique. Collection in-40, Mémoires de la Classe des lettres et des sciences morales et politiques et de la Classe des beaux-arts - Académie royale de Belgique. Collection in-80, and: M©moires de la Classe des lettres et des sciences morales et politiques et de la Classe des beaux-arts - Académie royale de Belgique....
At head of title: The flora of South Africa
Topics: Plants, Plant names, Popular
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Sociedad Cientfica Argentina; Congreso Cientfico Latino Americano (1st : 1898 : Buenos Aires, Argentina); Congreso Cientfico Latino Americano (1910 : Buenos Aires, Argentina)
8,614
0
0
The society organized the "Congreso Cientifico Latino Americano" held in Buenos Aires in 1898, and the "Congreso Cientifico International Americano" held in the same city in 1910; the results of these congresses (organization, membership, etc., and some of the papers) were published in the Anales, v. 45, 1898, and v. 69-70, 1910
Topics: Science, Science -- Argentina
Two vols. bound together
Topic: Plants -- Cuba
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Concilium Bibliographicum
8,524
0
0
Zoologischer Anzeiger Register
Topic: Zoology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by United States. Soil Conservation Service
8,345
0
1
Includes bibliographical references
( 1 reviews )
Topics: Botany, Botany -- United States, Botany -- Canada, Botany -- Caribbean Area, Phytogeography --...
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Sociedad Española de Historia Natural
8,281
0
0
Topics: Natural history, Natural history -- Spain
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Botanischer Verein, Munich; Botaniska sällskapet, Stockholm; Association internationale des botanistes; Deutsche Botanische Gesellschaft
8,241
0
0
Includes section "Neue Literatur" (earlier, "Literatur") which forms a separate vol., 1902-19 (v. 91, 94, 97, 100, etc.)
Topics: Botany, Botany
Some issues published out of chronological sequence
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.); Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.). Annual report 1907/08-1952; Lillie, Frank Rattray, 1870-1947; Moore, Carl Richard, 1892-; Redfield, Alfred Clarence, 1890-1983
8,168
0
0
Vols. 17, 21-105 contain Annual reports of the Marine Biological Laboratory for 1907/08-1952
Topics: Biology, Zoology, Biology, Marine Biology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Cowdry, E. V. (Edmund Vincent), 1888-1975
8,136
0
0
Topics: Microscopy -- Technique, Microscopes -- Technique, Diagnosis, Laboratory, Microscopy, Technology,...
Includes bibliography
Topics: Protozoa, Pathogenic, Veterinary protozoology, Medical protozoology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Concilium Bibliographicum
8,057
0
0
Zoologischer Anzeiger Register
Topic: Zoology
The Library of Congress
by Korinek, Charles James, 1880- [from old catalog]
8,054
1
0
Topic: Cattle
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Sociedad Española de Historia Natural
8,025
0
0
Suspended July 1937-Dec. 1939
Topic: Natural history
botanicus
by Asiatic Society (Calcutta, India)
8,019
0
0
Topics: Asia, India
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Walter, Herbert Eugene, b. 1867; Sayles, Leonard Perkins, 1902-
8,002
1
0
Bibliography: p. 833-835
Topics: Vertebrates, Vertebrates -- Anatomy, Anatomy, Comparative
( 1 reviews )
Topics: Birds -- Bibliography, Vögel Bibliographie
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Young, J. Z. (John Zachary), 1907-
7,931
3
2
( 2 reviews )
Topics: Vertebrates, Vertebrates, Fossil
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Waksman, Selman A. (Selman Abraham), 1888-1973
7,926
1
0
Bibliography: v. 1, p. 278-318
Topic: Actinomycetales